Enhanced Adsorption and Separation of Xenon over Krypton via an Unsaturated Calcium Center in a Metal-Organic Framework
AUTHORS: Wu, XL; Li, ZJ; Zhou, H; Yang, G; Liu, XY; Qian, N; Wang, W; Zeng, YS; Qian, ZH; Chu, XX; Liu, W
Krypton (Kr) and xenon (Xe) are nowadays widely applied in technical and industrial fields. Separating and collecting highly pure Xe from nuclear facilities are necessary and urgent. However, the technology is limited due to the inert nature of Xe and other interferential factors. In this work, a calcium-based metal- organic framework, Ca-SINAP-1, which comprises a three-dimensional microporous framework with a suitable pore width, was researched for xenon and krypton separation through both experimental and theoretical methods. Ca-SINAP-1, synthesized in solvothermal and gamma ray conditions, features accessible open-metal sites, exhibits a high Xe/Kr selectivity of 10.32, and owns a Xe adsorption capacity of 2.87 mmol/g at room temperature (1.0 bar). Particularly, its excellent chemical stability (from pH 2 to 13) and thermal stability (up to 550 degrees C), as well as radiation-resistance (up to 400 kGy beta irradiations), render this material a promising candidate for radioactive inert gases treatment.